National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a network project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), formally launched by the Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture & Food Processing Industries Shri Sharad Pawarji on 2nd February 2011.
The project aims to enhance resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate vulnerability through strategic research and technology demonstration.
It consists of four components:
- Strategic Research
- Technology Demonstration
- Capacity Building
- Sponsored/Competitive Grants.
The farming systems in selected villagesare divided into farming system typologies (FSTs) based on the environment and climate of the area.
KVK Lawngtlai will select villages vulnerable to the effects of climate change and demonstrates proven technologies for adaptation of crop and livestock production systems to climate variability. As the project was started in 2022, Chawnhu was selected as the first village for demonstrating the climate resilient technologies.
SUCCESS STORIES UNDER NICRA
Backyard poultry farming is a common practice among the hilly areas of Mizoram. In Lawngtlai, this practice has also benefitted rural residents with and without farming land with meat, nutrition and income. As the local breeds of poultry are small and slow-growing while consuming almost the same amount of food, the farmers prefer other breeds such as broilers, layers, etc., over the local ones as their weight gain and egg productivity rate is higher. Local residents can rear them in their small backyard areas and have easy access to feeding, cleaning, vaccinations, etc.
Under Technology Demonstration Component-Livestock and Fisheries, KVK Lawngtlai aided in provision of 50 Rainbow Rooster chickens as a climate resilient technology to Pi F. Kapmawii. Other forms of support included timely medicare and vaccinations, visits, training on proper care and management of poultry and shed management.
Rainbow rooster is a dual purpose, low input, multi-colored chicken originated from India. They mature between 4 to 6 months. When managed as a layer, with commercial feeds, rainbow roosters can lay 160-180 eggs in 72 weeks (16 months). At the end of lay the bird weight is about 3kgs. The average egg weight is 60 grams. The average meat production for rainbow roosters is 3kgs for male rainbow roosters and 1.9 to 2.2 kgs for hens. They are also strongly resistant to various diseases.
KVK Lawngtlai provided the chickens to Pi F. Kapmawii under TDC-NICRA. She has successfully raised and profited from this demonstration. The higher quality of meat compared to commercially available broiler meat, and the eggs (Rs 13 per egg) compared to commercial white eggs (Rs 8 per egg) is due to their similarity to local breeds in their colourful plumage and brown shells which is highly valued, sometimes gifted to sick people as they wish them good health. She has earned a net return of Rs. 67,610/- with BCR 2.02. from sale of the meat and eggs and also incubated 80 eggs for replacement stock.
AWARDS AND RECOGNITION
Shri Lalnunzira, Chawnhu, Lawngtlai District awarded "Best Innovative Farmer" under NICRA-TDC at 39th CRIDA FOUNDATION DAY held on 12th April 2023.
Click the link below for utube video